The LBNF Project

thumbnail Members of the LBNF Project Team (at Fermilab, February 2017) Back row, left to right: Allan Stratman, Josh Willhite, Adam Helander, David Montanari, Matthew Sawtell, Mohammed Elrafih, Bob O'Sullivan, Anne Heavey, Tracy Lundin, Alberto Marchionni; Middle row, left to right: Keith Gollwitzer, Elaine McCluskey (LBNF Project Manager), Kevin Haaf, Mark Adamowski, Angel DeJong, Emily Collett, Salman Tariq, Kevin Fahey, Chris Mossey (LBNF Project Director), Doug Pelletier; Front row, left to right: Mike Andrews, Chris Bushman, Mary-Ellyn McCollum, Cheryl Keaty, Ami Dave, Amanda Mall, Kamran Vaziri, Jim Hylen, Bob Zwaska. Not pictured: Rich Andrews, Eileen Berman, Johan Bremer, Nandhini Dhanaraj, Sandra Efstathiou, Tom Hamernik, Jim Hohbein, Thomas Kobilarcik, Troy Lark, Dimitar Mladenov, Marzio Nessi, Vaia Papadimitriou, Phil Schlabach, Roy Woodward. Photo credit: Reidar Hahn, Fermilab

Establishing the Project

The LBNF project was born out of an effort to unify and pool resources from previously distinct neutrino physics efforts and interested partners from around the world. Its goal is to enable the construction and operation of a single international experiment with the highest possible sensitivity to a set of potentially ground-breaking physics measurements. LBNF was formed in response to the conclusions of the 2014 report of the Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5), a body that conducts strategic planning for U.S. particle physics in a global context.

The former LBNE project and experiment, funded by the U.S. DOE, was one of the leaders in this internationalization effort. In January 2010 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) had approved LBNE's Mission Need, a milestone known as Critical Decision-0 (CD-0). In December 2012 LBNE achieved CD-1, at which the DOE approved its conceptual design for a more limited scope than what is now envisioned for the combined LBNF and DUNE projects.

Another leader, LAGUNA-LBNO, was an EU funded design study supported by CERN and APPEC to assess the feasibility of a next-generation deep underground observatory to study long-baseline neutrinos. It was the continuation of the LAGUNA project, competed in 2010, and focused on two key questions: (1) the cost of constructing and operating such a facility and (2) the detector technologies and baselines most suitable to study neutrino oscillations in Europe. The consortium put forward the expression of interest LBNO to CERN in 2012 and a conceptual design report was submitted in 2014.

Project Organization [Org Chart]

The LBNF Project is an independent entity within the Fermilab organizational structure reporting directly to the Fermilab Director. The laboratory Deputy Director for LBNF is responsible for the Project and serves as LBNF Project Director. The LBNF Project encompasses a Project Office and two laboratory divisions: the LBNF Project Far-Site Facilities Division, responsible for all Project activities at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in South Dakota, and the LBNF Project Near-Site Facilities Division, responsible for all Project activities at Fermilab. The Far-Site Facilities Division manages the Cryogenic Infrastructure and Far-Site Conventional Facilities, while the Near-Site Facilities Division manages the Beamline and Near-Site Facilities. These divisions bring together the engineering and technical resources needed to advance the designs and construction activities associated with the subprojects.

International Management Model

The successful model used by CERN for managing the construction and exploitation of the LHC and its experiments has been adopted as a starting point for the joint management of the LBNF and DUNE projects. Fermilab, as the host laboratory, takes on the responsibility for the oversight of both the LBNF and DUNE projects. Mechanisms to ensure input from and coordination among all of the international funding agencies supporting collaboration, modeled on the CERN Resource Review Board, are being adopted. A similar structure, an International Joint Advisory Committee, chaired by the DOE Office of High Energy Physics, will be employed to coordinate among funding agencies supporting the LBNF and DUNE construction and operation.